Great Jury of the Master II « Sustainable transport and mobility in african cities » of Senghor University in Lomé congratulates the work of two students from school year 2016-2017 for the quality of their master’s thesis
While the new university year is launched in Senghor University in Lomé (Togo) for the students of 2017-2018, the Great Jury of the Master II « Sustainable transport and mobility in african cities » congratulates the work of two students from the ending school year 2016-2017, for the quality of their master’s thesis. Last step for the degree validation, the dissertation orals took place indeed on october 3, in the presence of the Great Jury’s members, and at this occasion, the work of Kossi Dizewe and Amady Baro Faye were particularly noteworthy for their relevance.
To know more about their work et download their master’s thesis:
« Contribution to the improvement of the transport offer for the students of the University of Lomé: diagnosis and functional propositions of the offer »
Under the direction of GUZERE Assogba, Associate Professor of Urban Geography at the University of Kara
Abstract: Since 1973, the University of Lomé is endowed with a transportation system by bus which was managed by COUL. In the context of the growth of student’s displacement request and the declining of its park service related to the vehicles immobilization due to the repetitive breakdowns, the Togolese State decided in July 2016 to concede this service to SOTRAL, the only governmental transport society which has a crowed transportation experience. The general diagnosis showed that these dysfunctions contradict to the efficiency of existing bus roads. For a better response to students displacement needs, the current network has to evolve. Firstly, it must cover a large space with student’s lines. Thus, two lines are proposed to cover all the districts of the city that are not serve by the existent network, with an efficiency analyzed and the impact of the proposed offer on the actual lines.
FAYE Amady Baro
« Analysis of urban mobility and fare system of minibus network in Dakar »
Under the direction of TINDANO Michel Komlan, Head of SOTRAL
Abstract: Like most metropolitan capitals of sub-Saharan Africa, Dakar knows since a long time real difficulties of transport and mobility, despite the State’s efforts to meet the challenge.Companies of public transport inherited from the colonial era have always struggled to meet demand for quality urban transport services. The growing deficit of this institutional transport supply has naturally led to the emergence of informal public transport in Dakar since 1947. Since then, the supplies of informal private operators play an important role in the response to unmet public demand by public transit company.In the early 1990s, to make more profit and significantly increase their market share, the informal sector operators have increased the « fast cars » park and « Ndiaye Ndiaga » regardless of the quality of the offer. State’s assistance foul engaged in a structural adjustment program calling for « less and better state to state » SOTRAC (Common Transport Company in Cape Verde) went bankrupt in 1999 and replaced in 2001 by the limited company with public participation (majority) Dakar Dem Dikk (DDD).Faced with this situation, the state has engaged in a process of professionalization of the artisanal sector. To this end, the fleet renewal of these operators in lack of confidence from financial institutions discouraged by successive failures (1976 and 1981), allowed their mobilization around the project. The state designates CETUD, created by the 1997-1901 law of 10 March 1997, to pilot this renewal project launched in 2005 Park in the Programmer of Improving Urban Mobility (PAMU) implemented with support from the World Bank, the French Development Agency and the Nordic Development Fund.This project known significant results from the perspective of its economic and financial profitability. Operators, against all odds, carry more than 95 % of the payment of debts contracted for the acquisition of new vehicles. These results were achieved through new modes of operation, organization and supervision.However, the required professionalism, despite considerable progress, is still facing barriers to quality service expected of the project.Readability and understanding of the tariff system on the Association minibus network for Urban Transport Professionals Financing (AFTU) by all stakeholders, including users, among these problems. The network operations granted to the AFTU faces pricing based on a cutting varying according to the distance and the core, from one line to another. Today, the network has the largest share of urban transport in Dakar market (53% according to the 2015 household survey).
Aware of this dysfunction, CETUD, as the organizing authority, proposes to bring coherence to the tariffs and network isolation. Thus, he has launched a study which aims to ensure consistency rates and severing network minibuses in Dakar.
Our Master thesis proposes to take advantage of this experience which we have had the benefit of participating in the framework of our professional internship CETUD to contribute to the debate on the professionalization of artisanal actors Dakar urban transport.After outlining the scope of the study, at first, and the theoretical and methodological framework, secondly, we will make a diagnosis and thorough analysis of the current situation of the charging system of the minibus network, and finally propose solutions for the urban environment of Dakar.