Dr. Md. Mazharul Hoque – Professor, Department of Civil Engineering and Founding Director, Accident Research Institute (ARI) Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) Bangladesh
Dr. Hasib Mohammed Ahsan – Professor, Department of Civil Engineering and Director, Accident Research Institute (ARI) Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Bangladesh
Sudip Barua – Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) –
Dhrubo Alam – Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET),Bangladesh
Dhaka the capital city of Bangladesh having a population of 15 million has a rudimentary public transport system comprising cycle rickshaws, para-transit, taxis and buses. The rapid rise in population along with increased and versatile urban land use patterns have generated considerable travel demand as well as numerous transport problems in the city. The capacity of the road is significantly reduced by poor operating conditions, inadequate traffic management and efficient road use. The number of privately owned cars, on the other hand, is increasing day by day because of undeveloped public transport system and lack of door to door services within public transport network. Major shares of road space remain occupied by small capacity vehicles. Buses being the only mode of mass transit available in Dhaka they carry about 1.9 million passengers per day. The share of mass transit is low, 27 percent of vehicular trips where walking and other non-motorized travels still remain as the dominant travel modes.
In view of the worsening traffic congestion and deterioration in accessibility, level of service, comfort, safety and operational efficiency, it is time to introduce the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). For achieving sustainable urban transport in Dhaka, the Strategic Transport Plan (STP) suggested the development of six major corridors as mass transit routes including three BRT corridors. It will start from Uttara and end to Sadarghat covering about 21.7 Kilometer road. In this paper an attempt has been made to provide an overview of the public transportation system in metro Dhaka in terms of the key issues, characteristics and improvement options. In particular the paper discusses the aspects and potentials of introducing BRT in Dhaka to cater for ever increasing public transport demand towards alleviation of congestion level and achieving a sustainable urban public transport system.