M. Shafiq-Ur Rahman, – Department of Urban & Regional Planning, Jahangirnagar University Bangladesh –
Paul Timms – Francis Montgomery – Institute for Transport Studies (ITS), University of Leeds, UK
Use of 3-D virtual (computerized) visualization techniques is increasing as a tool in public participation; however, this technique involves huge cost to develop and is risky to apply in developing countries. Hence, 3-D physical models possibly could be an alternative, cheaper option, for application in such countries. Even though 3-D physical models are very common and widely used in the field of architecture or urban landscape design yet, there is no publication which demonstrates its use in transport planning for the purpose of public participation.
The paper reports on the use of 3-D physical models to improve public participation in the transport planning process for integrating BRT with rickshaws. An empirical study involving focus group discussions (FGDs) of transport users and rickshaw-pullers, was conducted in Dhaka City (Bangladesh). During the FGDs it was found that the use of a 3-D physical model was very helpful and useful for the participants to relate spatial contexts of the study area in the model; for discussing spatial aspects; for understanding the proposed development in the area; as well as effective facilitation of discussions. The methodology and tool developed in this study is transferable to other cities or for research on other modes/topics in transport of developing countries.