S. M. Sohel Mahmud – Assistant Professor, Accident Research Institute (ARI), Bangladesh University of Engineering &Technology (BUET), Bangladesh
Md. Shamsul Hoque – Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering &Technology (BUET) Bangladesh
Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh has facing enormous transport as well as mobility problem due to the huge deficiencies in different fields including colossal operation of massive number of rickshaws non-motorized vehicle (three wheeler rickshaws) and excessive dependency on that of the city dwellers. Dhaka City Corporation (DCC) officially limits the number of license issued to rickshaw owners to some 87,000. However, unofficial estimate claimed that the number of rickshaw playing in Dhaka is about 500,000. In addition, around 800,000 rickshaw pullers employed in the Dhaka city area, plus another 50-70,000 people employed in ancillary occupations. The latest surveys represent that space occupied on Dhaka’s road by rickshaws is 73%, and by cars, buses and tempo is 19.7%, 4.4%, and 0.4% respectively.
Now it is a burning issue that how to manage these huge numbers of rickshaw. A brief study has been conducted to evaluate the current profile and level of understanding of traffic rules and regulation to way out the options for better management of those NMVs on Dhaka’s road. The study revealed that at present condition, the elimination or proper management of these massive number of rickshaws would be a very challenging task because of fully ignorance of traffic rules and regulations of the rickshaw pullers (92%), lack of basic minimum education and training (90%), huge number of families’ economically dependency on rickshaws (0.8 millions), lack of alternative sufficient job facilities in the local market (around 0.9 millions are employed in providing rickshaw services) as well as inaccessible road in the local area (around 52%), poor public transport and mixed landuse pattern in all over the city. This paper will form from the part of that broader study. Prevailing transport system, traffic management and operational condition and some major inherent weaknesses of the city development will be discussed at the very outset of the paper