Alphonse Nkurunziza, Mark Zuidgeest, Mark Brussel, Martin Van Maarseveen
Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Geo-information Management, Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente – The Netherlands
Developing policies to promote and increase levels of cycling requires proper understanding of the determinants of bicycle use. The objective of this study is to investigate the potential factors that can influence bicycle commuting in the city of Dar-es-Salaam. The study is designed to explore the relationships between bicycle commuting and potential motivators, barriers and interventions in the different stages of change of cycling behaviour. Results show that the top rated potential cycling motivators consistent among all stages of change of cycling behaviour are: provision of bicycle lanes, low bicycle prices and direct routes; top barriers are: car driver attitude and behaviour, social (in) security and lack of safety on the road; whereas top interventions are no bicycle import tax. From logistic regression modelling, the following factors had the most influence on the likelihood of bicycle commuting regardless of the stage of change of cycling behaviour: motivators; low bicycle price, safe parking at home and work, quality of bicycle and cycling training. Barriers include; weather, social status, social (in) security and no cycling skills. Interventions include: no bicycle import tax. These results contribute to an improved understanding of the factors that can influence bicycle commuting in Dar-es-Salaam and may provide a stronger empirical basis for designing policy and programs to promote cycling.