Akshima Tejas Ghate – Fellow and Area Convenor, Centre for Research on Sustainable Urban Development and Transport Systems, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi
Sanjivi Sundar – Distinguished Fellow, TERI, New Delhi and HUDCO Chair Professor, TERI University, New Delhi
Indian cities face the huge challenge of meeting the rapidly growing urban mobility demand in a low carbon and sustainable manner. To guide the cities to move towards the sustainable mobility path, the Government of India is implementing its National Urban Transport Policy that advocates planning for the ‘movement of people, not vehicles’. The successful implementation of the Policy requires cities to develop robust sustainable mobility plans, which call for capacity and expertise that most cities lack. Given the lack of capacity in Indian cities to prepare ‘sustainable’ mobility plans, it becomes necessary to provide them with a framework for preparing the ‘right’ plans and eventually provide them with a template that they can use.
At present, about 50 cities in the country have developed their mobility plans or are in the process of doing so. This paper aims to critically evaluate some of the mobility plans from the perspective of sustainable mobility principles. The purpose of this evaluation is to identify and highlight the gaps in these mobility plans so that these gaps can be addressed by cities that are in the process of developing their mobility plans or are yet to begin.