M.D.V. Guillen , L.V. Cordova – School of Government, Ateneo De Manila University
Transport infrastructure plays a big role in mobility. Many cities in developing countries are rapidly urbanizing, roads are expanding and majority of the people rely on public transportation. However, this public transport system is usually not safe and inefficient. InMetro Manila’s 11 million population, over a third of which are in poverty. Seventy percent (70%) of the population are highly reliant on public transportation. This segment of the population belongs to the urban poor and middle class.
Just like any city in developing countries, informal public transport modes play a major role in mobility especially of the urban poor and the vulnerable sector of the society. Metro Manila has a peculiar mix of different public transportation services including buses, GT/FX Express, jeepneys, tricycles (motorcycle with sidecabs), and “pedicabs” (bicycles with sidecars). These modes are predominantly operated privately and are poorly regulated by government. Tricycles alone are estimated to be at 104,166 units.
The complex and diverse modes of transport in Metro Manila has spawned informal transport terminals and hubs– public or privately owned terminals for motorized and non-motorized public transport that have no clear government legal authorization to operate.
Effective management however begins with the identification and inventory of the existing public transportation facilities especially terminals and hubs (both formal and informal). Locating and mapping these public transport terminals and hubs, and modes are crucial in understanding transport challenges and uncovering opportunities for greater and seamless connectivity in Metro Manila. However, while maps are considered important, Filipinos are unaccustomed to their use. Not many understand transport features in maps and sharing them widely is a crucial step in enabling development actors and the people to plan and implement mobility initiatives.
This study explores the mapping of informal transport terminals and hubs in the smallest political unit called Brgy. 176, Bagong Silang, Caloocan City. The study will demonstrate the use of map-oriented studies in triggering community transport initiatives by barangay leaders, transport managers, and the underserved poor segments of the population.