Krishna Rao K , Chetan Kumar , Bhargav Venil
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
Pune, the second largest city of Maharashtra state, India has been experiencing continuous growth and change over the last decade. The total number of trips is drastically increasing due to rapid growth in population and employment. In the recent past, affordability and convenience have driven most of the working group of Pune towards two wheeler usage. The comfort and extra mileage provided by these vehicles had triggered a revolution in this area. But, if the situation is viewed from the transportation planning angle, it is not sustainable. The introduction of shared autos and the hike in public transport fares added further impetus to the unsustainable growth of private vehicles. The observed modal shares during the study indicate that the share of trips by public transport (bus) is only 13% whereas the share of private transport and intermediate public transport (IPT) respectively is 44.9% and 8.3% (Walk and Non-motorized transport – 33.8%). With increase in private vehicle ownership the situation is becoming worse and hence there is an urgent need to augment the current transportation system with modern high capacity transit systems like the Metro, BRTS/Light Rail systems with access being promoted by walk, bicycle, bus and Intermediate Public Transport (in that order). Considering the accelerated growth in population that has been observed in the recent past and the potential of future growth of Pune Metropolitan Region as evident from the population projections, implementation of land use and transport policies for moving towards a more sustainable modal share is of paramount importance. In this regard, Pune Municipal Corporation has proposed development plans for the implementation of high capacity transit systems in a phased manner with appropriate last mile connections (preferably with walk, bicycle, bus and IPT, in that order) and appropriate transit oriented development schemes considering the concept of sustainable urban transportation. The concept of mixed land use minimizing commuter trips in the large IT and ITES employment centers and other employment and growth centers which are being currently implemented and the ones planned in the future is considered in the present study. The study analyses the impacts of mixed land use and transit oriented development scenarios like increased FSI along the metro corridors for future years using the transportation planning model developed by IIT Bombay.