Sergi Tió – Crespo
It is a fact; contemporary city planning must consider the strong relationship between territory and mobility. Having the premise and with an adequate plan, Authorities can foresee and prevent the commuting problem and fixing existing weaknesses, and even more, if the relationship is solid can create better communities.
BRT systems have opened the doors to emerging and developing countries, needed of an efficient public system of transportation but at affordable prices, to have not only that, but to create the opportunity for a totally new dynamic in the cities, rethinking the land use patterns, the urban planning, spatial distribution, pedestrian friendly streets, squares, bicycles paths, to make a more inclusive cities, in a more sustainable environmental framework.
Transmetro in Guatemala City (Guatemala), MyCiti in Cape Town (South Africa), and Metrovía in Guayaquil (Ecuador) are relevant examples of how BRT systems have contributed to reach more integrated and sustainable cities worldwide.
These systems have come to be a catalyser of good changes, making the city public transport into a more efficient, safe, and reliable asset. They have provided universal access and guaranteed the inclusion and relocation of the informal vendors of the Historical district, have allowed the construction and successfully implementation of bicycles lanes, new residential developments and commercial areas have been allocated along the corridor, the integration of the city centres (cultural, administrative, commercial and leisure areas) with the stations, calming traffic measures to assure a liveable neighbourhood, among other aspects.
The selected cases show different approaches considered when combining urban and transport planning. All have been conceptualized to provide tailored solutions to each particular context, however always aimed to improve the quality of life in a more and more populated urban areas