Thilo Becker – Technische Universit¨at Dresden – Research School DIKE – True Cost in Transport- Dresden, Germany
Environmental justice (EJ) describes the equal access to environmental resources as well as equal protection from adverse effects and environmental hazards, independent from the socio-economic background of the individual like age, gender, income or ethnic group.
This paper merges aspects of environmental justice with current trans- portation planning activities in Nairobi, Kenya. Based on a literature anal- ysis, the paper introduces studies and project plans on urban transport in Nairobi as well as the concept of EJ. In the second part, results from in-depth interviews with stakeholders from government agencies, NGO, international donor agencies, consultants and researchers are presented and evaluated.
The qualitative and quantitative results show that a large majority of the population is far from being able to afford motorized transport. Even indirect positive benefits to those disadvantaged people were not pointed out during the interviews. Instead, the disadvantaged people have to carry a burden of an unacceptable infrastructure for NMT-users, danger of life due to accidents and long-term health effects from air pollution and noise. In comparison to developed countries, the magnitude of environmental injustice differs greatly in absolute terms. In contrast, the perception for EJ turned out to be very low during most of the interviews.