Kayode Oyesiku,PhD – Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, Centre for Transport Studies, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Abeokuta Nigeria
Bolaji Olaseni PhD**Deputy Rector Academic, Yaba College of Technology, P.M.B 2011, Yaba Lagos Nigeria
The study investigated the relationship between distribution of intercity road passenger terminals and transport needs of all socio-economic groups in the city. An understanding of this relationship is vital to the terminal location policies and programmes that provides for equity, access and economic benefit. The primacy of the city, its economic status and the high level of regional interaction placed high demand on its transport system, particularly the terminals. This has implication on terminal distribution, patronage and economic activities. The specific objectives examined include the factors influencing the spatial distribution of passenger terminals and their impact on people’s transport demand and public and private sector response to terminal provisions. The paper adopted a cross sectional survey approach using structured questionnaires administered on the terminal operators in each of the one hundred and fifty nine (159) terminals which are distributed across three activity zones namely CBD, Transition and Residential. Information collected includes terminal characteristics and other factors influencing choice of location. The nearest neighbour analysis was used to determine the pattern of terminal location while analysis of variance technique was used to test the variation in terminal distribution across three activity zones. Data were also collected on the socio economic characteristics of passengers. One thousand three hundred and fifty eight (1358) passengers were randomly selected and interviewed to determine their level of patronage of the terminals and how accessible are the terminals to their residential locations within the city. Findings from the study revealed that terminal distribution is clustered and their operational characteristics vary significantly across the three different activity zones. The knowledge of operational problems, locational advantage of petrol retail outlet and government intervention significantly influences the choice of terminal location. The clustered locational pattern of the terminals is at variance to some existing theories of equidistance spatial distribution of such higher order services implying several passengers had to travel longer distance and time that is inconsistency with objectives of national transport policy. The study concluded that an understanding of the pattern and factors that influence terminal location and patronage is crucial to the transport needs of socio economic groups in the city. The overall transport policy implications to the city development in the country are discussed.