Technical Cooperation Brazil – Presentation of the transformation scenarios for Central do Brasil (RJ) and Palmeiras-Barra Funda (SP) stations

Technical Cooperation Brazil – Presentation of the transformation scenarios for Central do Brasil (RJ) and Palmeiras-Barra Funda (SP) stations
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Bruno Almeida Maximino
CODATU
Chargé de coopération Brésil (2017-2019)
CODATU News Tuesday 23 October 2018

As part of the technical cooperations with São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro States, two prefeasibility studies for the transformation of Central do Brasil, in Rio de Janeiro, and Palmeiras-Barra Funda, in São Paulo, into new generations stations are financed by the French Development Agency (AFD). These studies are being developed by EgisArep consortium since April 2018. CODATU participates providing a technical assistance. The first phase of the studies was presented in June 2018.

In this context, in September 2018, two events were held to present the results of the second phase. The Mission 2 consists of the proposal of scenarios for the stations, scenarios for the urban design around the stations and of the functionalities for the site.

The technical meeting in Rio de Janeiro, held on September 17th, in terms of urban planning, the proposal main goals are (i) reinforcement of the link between the Northern and Southern zones of the multimodal hub, strengthening the transport hub centrality, and (ii) the historic heritage restoration, proposing new uses to the station building ant others impelling habitations and functional mixing. Regarding urban mobility, the project must facilitate the multimodal connections and rebalance pedestrian and vehicles spaces. The proposals included the several space of the transport hub, from Campo de Santana till the quarry. Creating station forecourts, with very spacious public areas, it will enable a better urban integration for the station and for the users a better perception of the space. In social terms, the proposal favours the creation of social housing by means of “urban acupuncture”, in other words, the treatment of the existing historical buildings. Furthermore, a Social Pole is proposed to help local residents in professional integration, as well as the Parque Pedreira (Quarry Park), holding cultural and sporting participatory programme.

View of the Central do Brasil station project. Source: Egis-Arep

The workshop in São Paulo was held in September 19th. Similar to Central do Brasil, one of the main goals for Palmeiras-Barra Funda is to strength the North-South connection, turning the station into a walkway to cross the railway. In addition, the station commercial potential will be maximized thanks to the flow rearrangement and the stores repositioning, filling up empty spaces today. It’s important to highlight the setting up of a start-up incubator to foster the links with the universities and a hotel in a iconic building, a urban landmark, adding to the reinforcement of the station identity. The station will be anchored to the city through the South and the North forecourts, highlighting a green urban landscape. The main link axis between both sides of the rails will turn into a shopping and restaurants street, to make the station a meeting point. Finally, there is a possibility for a mixed use urban development in lots to the north of the station.

View of the Palmeiras-Barra Funda station project. Source: Egis-Arep

The afternoon of both events was dedicated to the work groups to identify if criteria such as (1) urban integration, (2) social inclusion, (3) intermodality and operability, (4) user experience and (5) sustainability are being fulfilled by the propositions of the consortium Egis-Arep.

In Rio de Janeiro, the groups highlighted points such as (1) the balance between pedestrian and vehicles spaces, mainly in front of the station and on the Presidente Vargas Avenue, (ii) the creation of new opportunities for housing, (iii) the security impression provided by wider environment without urban barriers and (iv) the connection between Américo Fontenelle bus terminal to the multimodal hub spaces.

In São Paulo, the groups underlined subjects such as (i) the concern on carrying on traffic studies to validate the urban propositions, (ii) the need on including longitudinal axis to the scope of intervention, (iii) the concern on flow management during transport system breakdowns and (iv) the station promotion via sustainable actions.

In both events, Étienne Riot, sociologist specialized in rail stations planning in Arep, showed the importance in creating a strong station identity and the results it brings to the user experience, presenting Italian, English and French study cases. Both in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, the participants were impressed with the project owners’ governance capacity in, for instance, establishing one consensus about the communication graphic design. Furthermore, the Brazilians said these subjects are dealt during more advanced project phases and not during the initial concept phase, like the European cases were able to show.

The studies third phase will consist on studying in details the chosen scenario for each station and on proposing an Action Plan regarding recommendations in terms of deployment, implementation total costs, one business plan with financial and institutional arrangements, recommendations about the project governance, calendar and implementation phasing, as well as the main technical and institutional difficulties expected. The Mission 3 will allow evaluating the relevance of pursuing the studies of the stations and their transformation into new generation stations.

Partenaires associés

Governo do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

La
planification et la gestion des transports urbains de la Région Métropolitaine du Rio de Janeiro sont sous la responsabilité du Secrétariat d’État aux Transports (SETRANS), de l’Agence Régulatrice des Services Publics Concédés de Transport Maritime, Ferroviaire et Routier de l’Etat de Rio de Janeiro (AGETRANSP) et de la Chambre Métropolitaine, attachés au Gouvernement de l’État du Rio de Janeiro.

Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro

Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro

Secretaria dos Transportes Metropolitanos do Estado de São Paulo

Le
Secrétariat aux Transports Métropolitains de l’État de São Paulo (STM) est l’entité responsable de la planification et de la gestion des transports urbains ferrés et des bus inter-municipaux dans les régions métropolitaines de l’État de São Paulo.

 

Agence Française de Développement (AFD)

L’Agence Française de Développement (AFD) agit depuis soixante-dix ans pour lutter contre la pauvreté et  favoriser le développement dans les pays du Sud et dans l’Outre-mer. Au moyen de subventions, de prêts, de fonds de garantie ou de contrats de désendettement et de développement, elle finance des projets, des programmes et des études et accompagne ses partenaires du Sud dans le renforcement de leurs capacités.

Les transports constituent un secteur d’intervention traditionnel de l’AFD. Sur la période 2001-2005, l’Agence a mobilisé environ 164 M€ par an en moyenne pour la mise en œuvre de projets dans le secteur des transports (en incluant les projets de développement rural et urbain comportant des activités de transport).

AREP

Créé en 1997 au sein du groupe SNCF par Jean-Marie Duthilleul et Etienne Tricaud, architectes et ingénieurs, le groupe AREP conçoit les espaces fréquentés par les foules à toutes les échelles, du grand territoire métropolitain à celle du mobilier public, du bâtiment à celle du quartier de ville.

L’activité d’AREP repose sur une capacité reconnue de conception et réalisation des lieux du mouvement accueillant des usages complexes en milieu urbain dense avec de forts enjeux techniques et patrimoniaux que constituent aujourd’hui les gares multimodales. Fort de ce savoir-faire, AREP peut aborder efficacement d’autres programmes recevant du public.

Avec une équipe de 900 personnes, comprenant plus de 30 nationalités et constituée d’architectes, d’urbanistes, de designers, d’ingénieurs, d’économistes, de programmistes et de conducteurs d’opérations…, AREP développe ses savoir-faire dans tous les domaines de la ville et du bâtiment : pôles d’échanges et gares ferroviaires, équipements et espaces publics, bureaux, hôtellerie et logements, centres commerciaux, bâtiments techniques.

Egis

Egis est un groupe international d’ingénierie, de montage de projets et d’exploitation. En ingénierie et conseil, il intervient dans les domaines des transports, de la ville, du bâtiment, de l’industrie, de l’eau, de l’environnement et de l’énergie. Dans les domaines routiers et aéroportuaires, son offre s’élargit au développement de projets, à l’investissement en capital,  au clé en main d’équipements et à l’exploitation.