[Cooperation Colombia] Third workshop on regional transport integration

[Cooperation Colombia] Third workshop on regional transport integration
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fbertossi
CODATU
Chargée de Coopération Colombie
CODATU News Monday 7 October 2019

In February, CODATU launched a technical cooperation in Cali, Colombia, on metropolitan governance of public transport. In partnership with the French Development Agency AFD (through FEXTE funding), the cooperation aims to support local authorities in the implementation of a « Regional Transport Authority » (RTA) in the metropolitan area of Cali. The cooperation is part of a broader context of strategic mobility projects for the region currently in development supported by the French Embassy in Colombia and the AFD through FASEP and FFEM funding : the local train linking Cali and the neighboring municipalities (the project is currently in prefeasability stage, conducted by SYSTRA) and the « Corredor Verde » project which promotes soft mobilities and urban renovation alongside the railway in Cali.

Context

Codatu first workshop took place in May 2019. Its main objective was to understand collectively the potential rol and functioning of a Regional Transport Authority, identify current challenges and imagine scenarios of regional institutional organisation. In July, a second workshop was organized by DVDH-GSD+, the consulting group in charge of structuring the future RTA. This first step of the cooperation involved local, regional and national entities, who showed their willing to build a new organization to respond to regional challenges and implement a Regional Integrated System of Transportation.

The second stage of the cooperation looks to open the process of co-construction to all the stakeholders involved in regional transport (private operators and users) as fundamental pillars of the transportation system. For this reason, the objective of the 3rd workshop was to define collectively “The role of the RTA in the construction of the future Regional Integrated System of Transportation of Cali”.

 

Session 1: The rol of the RTA in the construction of the Regional Integrated System of Transportation 

The first session set general conclusions about the process of constructing integrated multimodal systems of transportation and the fundamental role of transport authorities in ensuring coherent and complementary systems in a holistic network vision. We showed how levels of institutional, operation, physical and fare integration vary largely accross cities to respond to local conditions and population needs.

Session 2: National experiences of transport reorganisation 

The testimony of a national Authority and its private public and allies (Medellin SITVA) allowed to show participants the steps, results and lessons learned of the construction of an integrated metropolitan system. From the points of view of both the public entity Metro de Medellín and a private operator of the system, we showed how through a slow and sometimes difficult path of adaptation of the network, the different public and private stakeholders were able to build a win-win relationship and look to improve the public system of transportation as a whole. The testimony of local experience Corredor del Pacífico in Valle del Cauca allowed to show the willing of private enterprise to associate in order to generate a positive impact on enterprises, bus owners and users, despite the many obstacles to implement a joint operation in a specific line.

Recognizing the several efforts already undertaken towards a higher level of complementarity of the regional system, participants worked collectively to identify opportunities and challenges of building a Regional System of Transportation in Cali.

Session 3: Result of the institutional structuration study

DVDH and GSD+ presented the details of the institutional structuration they recommend, that will allow the RTA to be functional and effectively fulfill its missions.

Results and main discussions 

The workshop allowed to underline the tremedous level of distrust between public and private stakeholders, especially private bus companies, and the absolute necessity of generating mechanisms to build trust to be able to implement positive changes in the transportation system. Also, some participants questioned the actual relevance of structuring a RTA in Cali, given the fact that legal mechanisms already exist to promote a higher level of complementarity and integration of the system.

The collective exercise showed that there is currently a certain level of complementarity in the region between the BRT system MIO in Cali and traditional bus lines at physical and operational levels. It also showed that several stakeholders are willing to work towards a greater level of integration, implementing multimodal transfer stations in the entrances of the city and promoting the union of private companies in order to avoid disloyal competence. The potential benefits of generating fare integration did not appear as obvious for many participants, especially private operators. All the solutions evaluated by the participants will in all cases require to restaure the trust between stakeholders, gain the aprobal of opposants, technical studies, and anticipation of environmental, social and financial costs of the solutions.

Next step

In december will take place the last workshop of the cooperation aimed at presenting the process and the results of the institutional structuration to the newly elected municipal and regional representatives in order to give continuity to the process. It will also aim to start building trust with non-institutional stakeholders.

Download the full report (in spanish) : Informe-Taller#3-VF

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Partenaires associés

Agence Française de Développement (AFD)

L’Agence Française de Développement (AFD) agit depuis soixante-dix ans pour lutter contre la pauvreté et  favoriser le développement dans les pays du Sud et dans l’Outre-mer. Au moyen de subventions, de prêts, de fonds de garantie ou de contrats de désendettement et de développement, elle finance des projets, des programmes et des études et accompagne ses partenaires du Sud dans le renforcement de leurs capacités.

Les transports constituent un secteur d’intervention traditionnel de l’AFD. Sur la période 2001-2005, l’Agence a mobilisé environ 164 M€ par an en moyenne pour la mise en œuvre de projets dans le secteur des transports (en incluant les projets de développement rural et urbain comportant des activités de transport).

DVDH (Des Villes et Des Hommes)

Des
Villes et des Hommes (DVDH)
est une société spécialisée dans l’assistance aux collectivités dans l’étude puis la mise en place de projets touchant à l’aménagement du territoire et à la mobilité.

ProPacifico

Créée en 1969 sous le nom de FDI Pacifico (Fondation pour le Développement Intégral du Pacifique), ProPacifico est une organisation privée à but non lucratif, indépendante et apolitique qui travaille pour le développement durable de la région du Pacifique colombien, en partenariat avec différents acteurs.

ProPacifico agit comme une entité gestionnaire de projets stratégiques, à travers l’identification, la gestion et l’articulation d’initiatives d’intérêt général à fort impact, orientée vers le progrès économique, la durabilité environnementale et la prospérité collective. 

ProPacifico is an apolitical, independent, private non-profit organization working for the sustainable development of the Colombian pacific region, in partnership with many stakeholders. 

It was created in 1969 as FDI Pacifico (Foundation for the Integral Development of the Pacific Region). Today, ProPacifico acts as a strategical projects management entity, through the identification, management and articulation of high impact initiatives, in the fields of economic development, environmental sustainability and collective prosperity. 

Valle del Cauca (Département Colombie)

Le Valle del Cauca est un département situé dans la région du Pacifique colombien dont la capitale est la ville de Cali et qui a une population de 4,5 millions d’habitants.

Valle del Cauca is a department located in the Colombian Pacific region. The capital city is Santiago de Cali and the department has an approximate population of 4,5 millions inhabitants.